Slavery is a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are
forced to work. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or
birth and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work and to demand compensation
Historically, slavery was institutionally recognised by many societies but in more recent times
slavery has been outlawed in most societies continues through the practices of debt bondage, indentured servitude, serfdom, domestic servant kept in captivity, adopted children are
sometimes forced to work as slaves as well as child soldiers and forced marriage.
Slavery is a condition in which one human being is owned by another. A slave was considered
by law as property, or chattel, and was deprived of most rights ordinarily enjoyed by free
There is no consensus on what the slave was or on how the institution of slavery should be
defined. Nevertheless, there is general agreement among historians, anthropologist, economists,
sociologist and others who study slavery that most of the following characteristics should be
present in order to term a person a slave. The slave was a species of property; thus he belonged
to someone else.
Characteristics of slavery mode of production.
- Existence of two classes example; slave masters and slaves
Low productive forces
- Existence of political institution
- Surplus production
- Private ownership of major means of production